Switching from smoking to vaping helps reduce hypertension, says study
Scientists have known since the 1950s that smoking increases the risks of hypertension, high blood pressure, heart disease, and other health disorders. Smoking narrows the arteries, hardens their interior walls, and reduces the blood’s ability to clot while increasing the heart rate. Even consistent exposure to second-hand smoke has been shown to increase the chances of being diagnosed with these conditions. However, new research now indicates that switching from smoking to vaping may significantly improve overall respiratory and cardiovascular health.
The recent study is co-authored by two of the world’s most accomplished researchers in the field of e-cigarettes. Dr. Konstantinos Farsalinos and Dr. Riccardo Polosa collaborated in a year-long study that culminated in the peer-reviewed paper entitled Effect of continuous smoking reduction and abstinence on blood pressure and heart rate in smokers switching to electronic cigarettes (Internal and Emergency Medicine).
Vaping, nicotine therapies, and cardiovascular health
The Polosa-Farsalinos team began by carefully selecting a group of 211 smoking participants pre-diagnosed with high blood pressure or hypertension. All participants were also formerly involved in the 2013 ECLAT study focusing on the documentation of measurable success rates of quitting smoking by transitioning to vaping as a significant tobacco harm reduction tool.
The participants of the Polosa-Farsalinos study were first divided into three separate groups and given either low-, medium-, or high-nicotine e-liquids. All participants were also given the same brand and model of vaping device, too. For a full 12-months, the researchers followed the participants’ progress as they made the switch from smoking to vaping. Those who failed to make a permanent transition or who became dual users were ultimately released from the study, and their associated statistics were never used in the paper’s published findings.
Related Article: The medicinal benefits of vaping CBD for heart disease prevention
What the scientists determined is that all remaining participants experienced a reduction in their associated symptoms of hypertension or high blood pressure. Furthermore, those who vaped the higher-nicotine e-liquids showed significantly greater improvements compared to those in the low-nicotine group.
“When the same analysis was repeated in 66 subjects with elevated BP at baseline, a substantial reduction in systolic BP was observed at week 52 compared to baseline (132.4 ± 12.0 vs. 141.2 ± 10.5 mmHg, p